The association between self-report of orofacial pain symptoms with age, gender, interference in activities, and socioeconomic factors surveyed in Indonesian community health centers

Tantry Maulina, DDS, MKes, PhD,a,b Cut Novianty Rachmi, MD, MIPH,c Rahena Akhter, DDS, PhD,a,d Terry Whittle, PhD,a R. Wendell Evans, DDS,e and Greg M. Murray, DDS, PhDa

aJaw Function and Orofacial Pain Research Unit, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, bOral Surgery and Maxillofacial Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia, cPaediatric and Child Health Department, Westmead Children’s Hospital, University of Sydney, dFaculty of Dentistry, Charles Sturt University, Orange, NSW, Australia, and eCommunity of Oral Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Purpose: The aim of this study was to reveal the prevalence of orofacial pain in community health centers in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia as well as associations with age, gender, interference in physical activity, and socioeconomic status.
Materials and Methods: Seven hundred patients aged at least 18 years from 35 Community Health Centers completed a questionnaire consisting of 4 socio-demographic questions (age, gender, educational attainment, and residential location) and 15 questions about their orofacial pain symptom history. The data were analyzed by using Pearson’s chi-square tests; statistical significance accepted at p<0.05.
Results: Of the 700 participants, 391 (55.9%) experienced orofacial pain in the previous 6 months. Of the 391 participants, 358 (91.6%) experienced toothache, and 254 (65.0%) complained of interference in daily activities due to orofacial pain. There were significant associations between jaw ache or jaw stiffness when waking up in the morning with education (p=0.001) and residential area (p=0.021) as well as between night clenching or grinding with age (p=0.007) and gender (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The data indicated a high prevalence of orofacial pain in this particular Indonesian population and can be used as baseline information for improving the management of orofacial pain.
(Asian Pac J Dent 2014; 14: 23-34.)
Key Words: age, gender, orofacial pain, socioeconomic